This summary of state laws does not include full citations for statutes that prohibit discrimination in employment or insurance on the basis of genetic testing or genetic information. There are other comprehensive collections of state laws addressing genetic nondiscrimination in employment and insurance. Therefore, there are complete references only where the statute is relevant for the conduct of research using tissue specimens.
Conditions imposed on clinical genetic testing.
“Genetic test” or “genetic testing”: (a) means a test of a person’s genes, genetic sequence, gene products or chromosomes for abnormalities or deficiencies, including carrier status, that: (i) Are linked to physical or mental disorders or impairments. (ii) Indicate a susceptibility to any illness, disease, impairment, or other disorder, whether physical or mental. (ii) Demonstrate genetic or chromosomal damage due to any environmental factor. (b) Does not include:….(v) Tests given for use in biomedical research that is conducted to generate scientific knowledge about genes or to learn about the genetic basis of disease or for developing pharmaceutical and other treatment of disease. [Arizona Revised Statutes, Title 12, Chapter 19, Genetic Testing, Section 12-2801. Definitions]
“Gene products” means gene fragments, nucleic acids, or proteins derived from deoxyribonucleic acids that would be a reflection of or indicate DNA sequence information.
“Genetic test” means an analysis of an individual’s DNA, gene products or chromosomes that indicates a propensity for or susceptibility to illness, disease, impairment or other disorders, whether physical or mental, or that demonstrates genetic or chromosomal damage due to environmental factors, or carrier status for disease or disorder.
[Arizona Revised Statutes, Title 20, Insurance, Section 20-448.02, Genetic testing; informed consent; definitions]